Homam is a fire ritual of sacrifice. It is also known as homa or havan or yajna (yagya) or yajana. In homam, the divine presence is invoked into the fire using specific procedures. Then materials are sacrificed into the fire, along with sacred chants (mantras). The sacrifices are supposed to reach the gods. It is interesting to note that fire ritual is an ancient practice and several religions taught worshipping gods in fire
Homam is a very powerful tool for spiritual progress. Chanting mantras in front of the fire while offering material substances into the fire has a great cleansing and calming influence on one’s mind and gives a great level of mental focus, peace, calmness & bliss. This practice has been extolled in many scriptures such as Yajurveda and Bhagavad Gita. Vedic seers practiced it regularly. Several people are experiencing the benefits of Homam even today.
For doing a Homam, the basic need is a Homa Kundam (Hawan Kund). Homa Kundam (Havan kund) is a copper or Brass container with preferably a square-shaped base.